Lesson Planning

Table of Contents

    • Blooms Taxonomy
    • Creating a Positive Learning Envirnonment
    • Instructional Process/Strategies
    • Motivational Techniques
    • Planning

Bloom’s Taxonomy

The article Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains provides information on the 3 domains of learning (Cognitive, Psychomotor & Affective) identified by Bloom in 1956.  This article provides examples of objectives as well as key verbs used to demonstrate the level of thinking expected of/to be attained by the learner.    Blooms taxonomy wheel breaks the learning domains down into categories (knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation) & provides verbs that appropriately describe what the expected level of thinking is.

Because these resources are straight forward, easy to understand and use they will be very helpful in the development of lesson plans.

Resources

Big Dogs and Little Dogs Learning Juxtaposition (Feb 2014). Blooms Taxonomy of Learning

Domains. Retrieved from   http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCcQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nwlink.com%2F~donclark%2Fhrd%2Fbloom.html&ei=cm0FU_bOE5DmoASmyIHABw&usg=AFQjCNE_8ElNRMTdpEV398g_TliasRzo1w&sig2=WwInABpSYHFisAYH5y7-5g

Educational Teaching & Mobile Learning (Feb 2014). A Great Taxonomy Wheel for

Teachers.  Retrieved from http://www.educatorstechnology.com/2013/03/a-great-blooms-taxonomy-wheel-for.html

Stanford University. (Feb 2014). Blooms Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Retrieved from

https://teachingcommons.stanford.edu/resources/course-preparation-resources/course-design-aids/bloom%E2%80%99s-taxonomy-educational-objectives

Successful Teaching Blog (Feb 2014) Bloom’s Taxonomy:  Encouraging Higher Cognitive

Thinking in Primary School Classrooms.  Retrieved from Successful Teaching Blog (Feb 2014).

http://www.google.ca/imgres?sa=X&biw=1257&bih=626&tbm=isch&tbnid=DfPnuZhSpHfXbM%3A&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fjuliaec.wordpress.com%2F2011%2F03%2F23%2Fblooms-taxonomy-encouraging-higher-cognitive-thinking-in-primary-school-classrooms%2F&docid=P5lpgROJAtZGRM&imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fjuliaec.files.wordpress.com%2F2011%2F04%2Fblooms_taxonomy.jpg&w=750&h=508&ei=x-0DU6jkKer7yAG1mYGwAQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=641&page=1&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=0CF0QrQMwAQ

Creating a Positive Learning Environment

Adult learners have different perspectives on the classroom environment than their younger peers but the basic principle that people work best in a positive environment does not change.  Adult learners require basic ground rules, structure, confidentiality, two way respect & the ability to incorporate their life experiences into their learning.  Returning to the classroom can be an intimidating experience, but the learners usually have an invested interest in being there.  A comfortable environment, windows, temperature control, lighting, comfortable seating & table arrangements are part of creating this positive environment.  These resources provide information to help create a positive environment.

Resources

Setting Ground Rules with Adults in classroom environment (April 2013). WCC Learning Technologies.

Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=JbkmCamD2nI

Not in High School Anymore: The Adult Learner in the Classroom (n.d.). emsvillage. Retrieved Feb 21,

2014 from www.emsvillage.com/articles/article.cfm?id=192

Civility/Incivility in the College Classroom (n.d.) Michigan State University, Faculty & Organizational     

     Development. Retrieved Feb 21, 2014 from

http://fod.msu.edu/oir/classmanagement/civilityincivility.asp

Calvano, B. (September 2011). Classroom Management in Higher Education. Examiner.com. Retrieved

      from www.examiner.com/article/classroom-management-higher-education

Giri, S. (September 2010).  An instructional strategies blog. Association for Learning Technology.

reflectionedu. Retrieved from http://reflectionedu.wordpress.com/

Techniques for Better Classroom Control. (n.d.). usu.edu Retrieved Feb 21, 2014 from

http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&ved=0CGcQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usu.edu%2Fata%2Fdocs%2Fclassroom_management.ppt&ei=gPgIU7qsHcHgoATsj4GwBQ&usg=AFQjCNFzbXeL5KwpAjFfETleLYz8X_yXvQ&sig2=aATNYGWh-tY_mRQBuKEBGw

10 Effective Classroom Management Techniques Every Faculty Member Should Know (n.d.). Faculty Focus. Retrieved February 22, 2014 from

http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCcQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.facultyfocus.com%2Ffree-reports%2F10-effective-classroom-management-techniques-every-faculty-member-should-know%2F&ei=y_oIU42bLoz0oASxwIKgAg&usg=AFQjCNG0fjLeHK9m4d1UD2ftSNT5FadXsg&sig2=BjYXSA1Q1C50W8ja6q_EnQ&bvm=bv.61725948,d.cGU

Instructional Process/Strategies

Educators of adult learners must incorporate many different strategies to reach the diverse group of learners in their learning environments.  Learning Strategies are used to aid in the attainment of the learning objectives set in the curriculum.  Ways to open a session, icebreakers, use of a variety of techniques, active learning and ways to close a session all enhance the delivery of education.  The resources chosen reflect several, but not all, of the possible processes & strategies available for the educator to use.  Excellent curriculum incorporates a variety of appropriate strategies; excellent educators use the strategies wisely.

Resources

University of Minnesota (Feb 2014). What is Active Learning?  Retrieved from http://www1.umn.edu/ohr/teachlearn/tutorials/active/what/

Carruthers, J. (May 2012). Adjectives that Describe Me. About.com – Human Resources.  Retrieved from http://humanresources.about.com/od/icebreakers/a/my-10-best-ice-breakers.htm

Lesson Closure (Feb 2014).  Retrieved from http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=10&cad=rja&ved=0CGYQFjAJ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.eht.k12.nj.us%2F~huntk%2FM-taskstream%2FLesson%2520Closure.ppt&ei=qyMFU6XdJ6rJygHH5IGADw&usg=AFQjCNExrPPa8HcpUeNfZij_XDg5STbUyw&bvm=bv.61535280,d.aWc

Marshall (n.d.). Lesson Hooks. Retrieved February 22, 2014 from http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCYQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Flms.marshall.k12tn.net%2Fevaluation%2520stuff%2FLesson%2520Hooks.doc&ei=pGAGU9z1EemfyQHqyoHQAQ&usg=AFQjCNH0wEsxIyYcQoELOtXxF54JjUAc_Battersby,

M. (n.d.). So, what’s a Learning Outcome Anyway?  Centre for Curriculum, Transfer and Technology.  Retrieved from http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCYQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fsccvc.wikispaces.com%2Ffile%2Fview%2FBattersby%2Barticle.doc&ei=gyYFU6zjKYWMyAH-24HIBA&usg=AFQjCNEHCVe4kgyOCgj1PiPmcd_O6xdPkQ

Instructional Strategies, Instructional Strategies and Learner Outcomes.  ( ). Stanford University. Retrieved February 22, 2014) from http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2099/Instructional-Strategies.html

Motivational Techniques

Motivational Learning is a subject that incorporates many techniques and is essential to a positive learning environment.  The resources listed cover topics such as self-directed learning, the use of stories, humor, unpredictability and relevancy.   Motivation is the classroom ingredient that gets learners excited about learning.  Without motivation learning becomes a long, tedious process that does not inspire critical thinking or creativity.

The resources chosen provide a variety of aspects on motivation and how to build it into the classroom environment.  They provide practical examples to use for the beginner as well as the advanced educators in any learning environment.

Resources

Reflections on Teaching:  Learning from our Stories (June 12 2013). Faculty Focus. Retrieved from  http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/teaching-professor-blog/reflections-on-teaching-learning-from-our-stories/

The Importance of Relevancy in Improving Student Engagement and Learning (June 14 2013). Faculty Focus.  Retrieved from

http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CD4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.facultyfocus.com%2Farticles%2Ffaculty-development%2Fthe-importance-of-relevancy-in-improving-student-engagement-and-learning%2F&ei=6P0IU4juKML6oASFp4KAAg&usg=AFQjCNGCu2f4Fery93I_4otd-CsPGVoaUg&sig2=npT7KP3OU0QZm716Z8RsVA&bvm=bv.61725948,d.cGU

The Messy and Unpredictable Classroom (Oct 14 2013). Faculty Focus. Retrieved from

http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CD4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.facultyfocus.com%2Farticles%2Ffaculty-development%2Fthe-importance-of-relevancy-in-improving-student-engagement-and-learning%2F&ei=6P0IU4juKML6oASFp4KAAg&usg=AFQjCNGCu2f4Fery93I_4otd-CsPGVoaUg&sig2=npT7KP3OU0QZm716Z8RsVA&bvm=bv.61725948,d.cGU

On line Courses How to Motivate Your Students:  What Every Teacher Should Know but Doesn’t. (Feb 2014).   Retrieved from http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CEAQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.onlinecollegecourses.com%2F2012%2F12%2F10%2Fhow-to-motivate-your-students-what-every-teacher-should-know-but-doesnt%2F&ei=uv4IU_LiEomCogSUkIDwAQ&usg=AFQjCNFxBSJKBxpgWP8kmyfWp_BWvG4NjQ&sig2=mrTsKNMc2eTRnyxU-bT_Hw

Self-directed Learning:  A Four Step Process (n.d.). University of Waterloo – Centre for Teaching Excellence Retrieved February 22, 2014 from https://uwaterloo.ca/centre-for-teaching-excellence/teaching-resources/teaching-tips/tips-students/self-directed-learning/self-directed-learning-four-step-process

Skiff, D. (June 2009). What is Self-Directed Learning. Self Directed Learning. Be Your Own CLO.  Retrieved from http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&sqi=2&ved=0CCwQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.selfdirectedlearning.org%2Fwhat-is-self-directed-learning&ei=WQAJU-CUO9DxoATLhoDYAQ&usg=AFQjCNFjD1FQYg_k6SuRxHUvgF8zQEpehw&sig2=0B2g5I4DR3urxDTs9YrpYQ

Planning

Detailed lesson planning is integral to the success of any course.  The plan of a course provides detailed objectives & instructions of what the goals of the curriculum are, as well as how the course is to be taught.  There are many strategies used in planning a lesson and many things that need to be taken into consideration.  Learning objectives provide the students with an overview of what is expected of them.  Collaborative Learning is just one method of teaching and learning that enables students to work together in a variety of ways to enhance their learning.

Resources

Battersby, M. (1999). So what’s a Learning Assessment Anyway? Retrieved from http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCYQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fsccvc.wikispaces.com%2Ffile%2Fview%2FBattersby%2Barticle.doc&ei=gyYFU6zjKYWMyAH-24HIBA&usg=AFQjCNEHCVe4kgyOCgj1PiPmcd_O6xdPkQ

What are Learning Objectives? University of Oregon Teaching Effectiveness TEP Program. Retrieved Feb 22, 2014 from http://tep.uoregon.edu/resources/assessment/learningobjectives.html

Krhovská, M. (2007). New Ways of Teaching Cultural Studies. Masaryk University of Brno Faculty of Education.  p. 12 – 17.  Retrieved from http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&ved=0CEMQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fis.muni.cz%2Fth%2F79822%2Fpedf_m%2FNew_Ways_of_Teaching_Cultural_Studies.doc&ei=KygFU8LOGemoyAGvxYCgDQ&usg=AFQjCNFWvT_pWPoHbJx_zp6uLfQCh5dA9A

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